Ethnicity and Race, African Americans, Immigrants, Native Americans

Includes Cherokee, Melungeon, and Latino studies, segregation and slavery, immigrant settlers and laborers, black miners, Jews

Alvarez, M. Raymond.  2016.  “Fairmont’s Last Living Slave: ‘Aunt Hat’ Wilson Whitely” [1855-1942].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 42, no. 1 (Spring): 50-55.  “Harriet Wilson, her mother, and her sister were sold on the steps of the old Marion County Courthouse in Fairmont about 1860.”  Sidebar: “Slavery in Present West Virginia Counties in 1860.”

Archer, Bill.  2013.  “Elkhorn: A Tale of Two High Schools.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 39, no. 3 (Fall ): 46-51.  History of the racially segregated Elkhorn (white) and Elkhorn Elks (black) High Schools in McDowell County, 1922-2013.

Baker, Bruce E.  2014.  “The Growth of Towns after the Civil War and the Casualization of Black Labor, 1865-1880” [Greenville, S.C.].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 72, no. 4 (Winter): 289-300.

Barnett, James F.  2014.  “Ferocity and Finesse: American Indian Sports in Mississippi” [stickball; chunkey stones; 17th-century to present].  Southern Quarterly 51, no. 4 (Summer): 9-19.

Bartram, William.  2014.  The Flower Hunter and the People: William Bartram’s Writings on the Native American Southeast [b. 1739, d. 1823].  Edited by Matthew Jennings.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.  182 pp.  Contents: The Flower Hunter and the People | Excerpts from Parts I through III of Travels | Part IV of Travels | “Observations on the Creek and Cherokee Indians” | “Some Hints & Observations, concerning the civilization of the Indians” | Selected Bibliography.

Black, Samuel W.  2015.  “Jubilee of Freemen.”  Western Pennsylvania History 98, no. 4 (Winter 2015-2016): 18-19.  “Between 1839 and 1870, a tumultuous struggle ensued for Pittsburgh African Americans around the issues of citizenship, freedom, and suffrage while still fighting slavery.”  The Woodson family’s contributions are noted.

Bowne, Eric E.  2013.  Mound Sites of the Ancient South: A Guide to the Mississippian Chiefdoms.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  247 pp.

Burke, Dawne Raines.  [2006] 2015.  An American Phoenix: A History of Storer College from Slavery to Desegregation, 1865-1955 [Harpers Ferry, W. Va.].  Commemorative edition.  Morgantown: West Virginia University Press.  176 pp., with 150 color images.  “In addition to educating generations of students of all races, genders, and creeds, Storer served as the second meeting place (and the first on U.S. soil) for the Niagara Movement, a precursor to the NAACP.”
Burriss, Theresa L.  2013.  “From Harlem Home to Affrilachia: Teaching the Literary Journey.”  Chap. 12 in Appalachia in the Classroom: Teaching the Region, ed. T. Burriss and P. Gantt, 213-231.  Athens: Ohio University Press.  Focuses on Affrilachian writers, Frank X Walker, Nikky Finney, and Crystal Wilkinson.

Bush, Carletta A.  2015.  “‘Two fer’ the Money’? African American Women in the Appalachian Coalfields.”  Chap. 9 in Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work, and Activism, ed. C. Rice and M. Tedesco, 244-269.  Athens: Ohio University Press.   “...examines the gendered and racialized myth surrounding black women’s employment in the coal industry in the 1970s .... Those few who were hired faced discrimination that limited their advancement and made them among the first to be fired .... In the end, the myth served to preserve white male privilege in the mining industry, while dividing women miners and eliminating the power they could gain through unity.”

Calabro, Tina.  2015.  “Servant ‘Up on the Hill’: My Italian American Grandmother” [b. 1883].  Western Pennsylvania History 98, no. 4 (Winter 2015-16): 32-43.  Washington Co., Pa.

Calloway, Colin G.  2013.  Pen and Ink Witchcraft: Treaties and Treaty Making in American Indian History.  New York: Oxford University Press.  377 pp.  Contents: Treaty making in colonial America: the many languages of Indian diplomacy | Fort Stanwix, 1768: shifting boundaries | Treaty making, American-style | New Echota, 1835: implementing Removal | Treaty making in the West | Medicine Lodge, 1867: containment on the Plains | Conclusion: the death and rebirth of Indian treaties | Appendix: the treaties.

Canty, André.  2016.  “Black Lives Matter: The Appalachian Edition” [Knoxville, Tenn.].  Now & Then: The Appalachian Magazine 31, no. 2 (Winter): 26-27.  After the deaths of Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown, “We came back from Ferguson [Mo.] with a mission--to start a movement in Appalachia and in our hometowns.”

Chambers, Ian David.  2014.  “Alexander Cumming -- King or Pawn? An Englishman on the Colonial Chessboard of the Eighteenth-Century American Southeast.”  Journal of Backcountry Studies 9, no. 1 (Spring): 35-49.  “In 1730 Sir Alexander Cumming a Scottish Baronet...visited the Cherokee Nation in South Carolina .... Cumming spent approximately four weeks traveling throughout Cherokee space before returning to Britain claiming to have been crowned ‘King’ of the Cherokee during a ceremony at Nequasee Town House .... Accompanied on his return by seven Cherokee ‘chiefs’ who he then presented to the King George II.”

Chambers, Ian.  2015.  “The Empire Visits the Metropolis: The Red Atlantic, Spatial Habitus and the Cherokee.”  Atlantic Studies 12, no. 1 (March): 67-89.  “...the article seeks to explain the actions, by both European and Cherokee individuals, during the visit to Cherokee space by Sir Alexander Cuming in 1730 and the subsequent return visit of Cuming and seven Cherokee to London.”

Cimprich, Vickie.  2013.  “Free and Freed Shakers and Affiliates of African Descent at Pleasant Hill, Kentucky” [19th century].  Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 111, no. 4 (Autumn): 489-523.

Clowney, Stephen.  2013.  “Landscape Fairness: Removing Discrimination from the Built Environment” [Lexington, Ky.].  Utah Law Review, vol. 2013, no. 1: 1-62.

Clune, Katy A.  2016.  “Home in a New Place: Making Laos in Morganton, North Carolina.”  Southern Cultures 22, no. 1 (Spring): 95-112.

Coates, Julia.  2014.  Trail of Tears [1838; Cherokee].  Landmarks of the American Mosaic series.  Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood.  235 pp.

Cozzo, David.  2013.  “Cherokee Snakebite Remedies.”  In Southern Foodways and Culture: Local Considerations and Beyond, ed. L. Lefler, 43-66.  Southern Anthropological Society Proceedings, no. 41.  Knoxville, Tenn.: Newfound Press, University of Tennessee Libraries.  “...ethnobotanist David Cozzo explains what Cherokees [of Southern Appalachia] believe about medicinal plants native to the region and how they use them – specifically with reference to snakebites.”

Crytzer, Brady.  2013.  Guyasuta and the Fall of Indian America [western Pa. and the Ohio Country].  Yardley, Pa.: Westholme.  286 pp.  “Through the life of Guyasuta, one of the period’s most influential figures, the book traces how American Indians were affected by the wars leading to American Independence.”  Guyasuta (c. 1795-c. 1794) was a leader of the Seneca people and an acquaintance of George Washington.  Contents: The hunter: British posturing in the Ohio Country, 1753 | Victory on the Monongahela: Braddock’s defeat, July 1755 | Uncertain alliances: the Seven Years’ War, 1756-1763 | Fire on the frontier: the Indian insurgency of 1763 | Dream of his fathers: postwar diplomacy in British North America | Unwavering commitment: dual alliances in an age of unrest | The cause of the crown: the siege of Fort Stanwix and the Battle of Oriskany, August 1777 | The cause of his people: the Sullivan-Clinton and Broadhead expeditions and the burning of Hanna’s Town, fall 1779 | He wonders at his own shadow: the United States of America and the Northwest Indian War, 1793.

Denson, Andrew.  2016.  “Born in Violent Conquest: A Review of Jacksonland.”  Southern Spaces, 23 February.  1,996 words.  Review essay of Steve Inskeep’s book, Jacksonland: President Andrew Jackson, Cherokee Chief John Ross, and a Great American Land Grab (Penguin Press, 2015).  Recommended text and web resources.

Dorsey, Lena.  2014.  “The ‘Mayor of Bean Creek’” [White Co., Ga.].  Interview by Heather Giovino.  Foxfire Magazine 48, no. 1-2 (Spring-Summer): 19-24.  Dorsey, 79, talks about her childhood and the Bean Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Sautee Nacoochee, Ga.

Driskill, Qwo-Li.  2016.  Asegi Stories: Cherokee Queer and Two-Spirit Memory [LGBTQ; history].  Tucson: University of Arizona Press.  210  pp.

Duvall, Deborah L.  [2003] 2013.  How Medicine Came to the People: A Tale of the Ancient Cherokees [children’s literature].  Drawings by Murv Jacob.  Rpt. ed.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.  32 pp.  Volume two in the “Grandmother Stories” series.

Edelman, Foy Allen.  2015.  “Cuisine of the Eastern Band of Cherokees.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 62, no. 2 (Summer-Fall): 48-56.

Edge, Thomas J.  2013.  “‘An Arm of God’: The Early History of the NAACP in Charleston, West Virginia, 1917–1925.”  West Virginia History, n.s. 7, no. 2 (Fall): 1-32.

Ellis, Mark.  2013.  “Racial Unrest and White Liberalism in Rural Georgia: Barrow and Oconee Counties in the Early 1920s.”  Georgia Historical Quarterly 97, no. 1 (Spring): 29-60.  “In response to lynchings and black evictions, the progressive white Georgians of the Commission on Interracial Cooperation took up the cause of these blacks in the courts and in the press.”

Engelhardt, Elizabeth S.D.  2013.  “Listening to Black Appalachian Laundrywomen: Teaching with Photographs, Letters, Diaries, and Lost Voices.”  Chap. 2 in Appalachia in the Classroom: Teaching the Region, ed. T. Burriss and P. Gantt, 33-49.  Athens: Ohio University Press.

Epstein, Seth.  2013.  “The Arrival of a Provocateur: Responses to William Dudley Pelley in Asheville, 1930 to 1934.”  Southern Jewish History 16: 89-125.

Fain, Cicero M., III.  2015.  “Buffalo Soldier, Deserter, Criminal: The Remarkably Complicated Life of Charles Ringo” [b. 1865; Ky.; W. Va.; Oh.].  Ohio Valley History 15, no. 4 (Winter): 41-62.

Falls, Susan.  2013. “‘Redneck Customs’: Race and Class at the Demolition Derby” [Pa.; N.Y; N.J.].  Leisure Studies 32, no.4 (August): 429-445.  “...while emerging studies of whiteness do address ‘redneck’ as a racialised class category, ...studies on leisure activity associated with rural whites is very scarce.”

Fang, Berlin.  2013.  “Asia-lachia” [China; W. Va.].  Now & Then: The Appalachian Magazine 28, no. 2 (Winter): 6-7.  Special issue, “Global Appalachia.”

Fariello, M. Anna.  2013.  Cherokee Carving: From the Hands of Our Elders [Eastern Band of Cherokees; early to mid-20th century].  Cullowhee, N.C.: Curatorial InSight.  66 pp.  Contents: Carving traditions | Pipes and stone carving | Masks | Figures | Bas relief | Carvers -- Goingback Chiltoskey | Wahdih “Watty” Chiltoskie | Amanda Crowe | Gilbert Crowe | Virgil Ledford | Will West Long | Allen Long | Adam Welch |John Julius Wilnoty.

Fariello, M. Anna.  2015.  “Tom Belt: Cherokee Elder, Native Speaker, Language Advocate, and Teacher.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 62, no. 2 (Summer-Fall): 4-8.  See also the 2010 video, Tom Belt: Cherokee Language Teacher (5:25 min.), produced by Western Carolina University’s Mountain Heritage Center.

Fariello, M. Anna.  2015.  “Luther ‘Butch’ Goings and Louise Taylor Goings: Cherokee Artisans and Educators.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 62, no. 2 (Summer-Fall): 25-29.  Born 1942 and 1947, respectively, on the Qualla Boundary; woodcarver and basketmaker.

Finkenbine, Roy E.  2016.  “Love and Danger on the Underground Railroad: George and Edy Duncan’s Journey to Freedom, 1820.”  Ohio History 123, no. 1 (Spring): 7-25.  Eighty mile journey from Wheeling, (West) Virginia to Lake Erie and Canada.  “Slaves in Wheeling lived in constant fear of being ‘sold down the river’ to work in the cotton or sugar fields of the Deep South....[and] regularly took flight.”

Finney, Nikky.  2015.  “The Battle of and for the Black Face Boy.”  Oxford American, no. 90 (Fall): 42-59.  Chronicles the circumstances of blacks in an extended narrative poem, from the Middle Passage to the here & now.  “The slow dance of the Civil War and the enslavement of Black people in America are my working metaphors .... I wanted to write a poem that traveled from the horror of one day to the lifting of our chins the how we keep moving.”

Ford, Lyn.  2014.  Beyond the Briar Patch: Affrilachian Folktales, Food and Folklore [“Retold by Lyn Ford”].  Marion, Mich.: Parkhurst Brothers.  157 pp.  Contents:  Preface: The Rabbit in That Briar Patch? | The Briar Patch and Beyond | CRITTERS: The Happy Place: A Somewhat Different “Briar Patch” | Turtle and Rabbit | Grasshopper and the Ants | Fox and Crow | Mrs. Turtle’s Cooking Pot | Pig’s Nose | Papa Turtle and Monkey | Rabbit and Fox at the Well | Rabbit and Lion at the Well | FOLKS: Clever Jackie | Josephus | Four Tales of John: One -The Baby. Two - Pig and Possum. Three - The Handsomest Man in the World. Four - Old John and Death | The Devil and the Farmer’s Wife | SPOOKS AND HAINTS: John and the Devil | Jack Finds His Fear | Siftin’ Sand | A Sense of Place, and Time - And One Last Story | READING GROUP EXTRAS.

Gares, Christine E., and Burrell E. Montz.  2014.  “Disaster Vulnerability of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: A Comparison of Texas and North Carolina.”  Southeastern Geographer 54, no. 1 (Spring): 36-54.

Gibson, Toby D.  2013.  “The Melungeons of Newman’s Ridge: An Insider’s Perspective” [Hancock Co., Tenn.].  Appalachian Heritage 41, no. 4 (Fall): 58-66.

Gibson, Toby.  2015.  “Interview with Toby Gibson” [Melungeons].  Still: The Journal, no. 19 (Fall).  1,703 words.  Gibson is producer of the documentary film Echoes of Vardy about the Vardy Community School (Newman’s Ridge, Hancock Co., Tenn.), “a Presbyterian mission school the late-19th century. It was the only school that provided education to Melungeon communities living along the Tennessee-Virginia border. It remained a segregated institution until 1955 when integration was ordered.”

Giffin, William W.  2013.  “Acting to Shape Their Own Lives: African Americans in Civilian Conservation Corps Junior Company 1520-C, Southern Ohio, 1933-1935.”  Ohio Valley History 13, no. 1 (Spring): 22-40.  Portsmouth, Scioto County, Ohio; Camp Shawnee #2; The Shawnee Heat Wave camp newspaper; A.M.E. Church.
Gleave, Sara, and Qingfang Wang.  2013.  “Foreign-born Latino Labor Market Concentration in Six Metropolitan Areas in the U.S. South.”  Southeastern Geographer 53, no. 2 (Summer): 157-176.  Atlanta, Birmingham, Charlotte, Knoxille, Miami, and New Orleans; 2006-2010 data.

Greer, Tammy, and Harold Comby.  2014.  “Stickball Fever.”  Southern Quarterly 51, no. 4 (Summer): 20-27.  Description of the game of stickball (also referred to as “Little Brother of War”) and intra-tribal competitions among Choctaw Indians in Mississippi.

Gutchess, Alan D.  2015.  “The Forgotten Survivors of Gnadenhutten” [Ohio].  Western Pennsylvania History 98, no. 4 (Winter 2015-16): 4-5.  Massacre of 96 Lenape Indians in 1782 at the mission town of Gnadenhutten (Tuscarawas Co., Ohio).

Hahn, Steven C.  2015.  “‘The Pocahontas of Georgia’: Mary Musgrove in the American Literary Imagination” [1700-1767; Creek Indian].  Georgia Historical Quarterly 99, no. 1-2 (Spring-Summer): 1-47.

Harlow, Luke E.  2014.  Religion, Race, and the Making of Confederate Kentucky, 1830-1880.  Cambridge Studies on the American South series.  New York: Cambridge University Press.  242 pp.  Including coverage of abolitionist John Fee and the interracial Berea community.

Harrell, Kevin T.  2015.  “The Terrain of Factionalism: How Upper Creek Communities Negotiated the Recourse of Gulf Coast Trade, 1763-1780.”  Alabama Review 68, no. 1 (January): 74-113.  Effect of British presence.

Haveman, Christopher D.  2016.  Rivers of Sand: Creek Indian Emigration, Relocation, and Ethnic Cleansing in the American South  [1825-1836].  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  414 pp.  “Between the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs and the forced migrations beginning in 1836, nearly twenty-three thousand Creek Indians were relocated....through a combination of coercion and negotiation.”

Hayden, Wilburn.  2015.  Appalachian Black People: Identity, Location, and Barriers.  Pittsburgh and Toronto: 91 South.  158 pp.  Contents: 1. Black invisibility in search of an Appalachian Black identity | 2. Appalachian African American identity | 3. Locating Black Appalachians from the 2010 Census | 4. Critical Race Theory (CRT) | 5. Appalachian barriers to improving quality of life and access to life opportunities for Blacks | Appendix A: Total populations by race, USA, state and Appalachian counties, 2010 | Appendix B: “It takes some kicking”: Voices in Black Appalachia | Appendix C: Rites of death and burial of Blacks in Appalachia. The South Asheville Colored Cemetery, 1840-1943 | Study guide and discussion questions | Index.

Hoalst-Pullen, Nancy, Vanessa Slinger-Friedman, Harold R. Trendell, and Mark W. Patterson.  2013.  “Spatial and Temporal Patterns of an Ethnic Economy in a Suburban Landscape of the Nuevo South.”  Southeastern Geographer 53, no. 3 (Fall): 310-327.  Influx of Latinos, their businesses, and culture; Cobb County, Ga.

Hoffman, Katie.  2013.  Review essay of Becoming Melungeon: Making an Ethnic Identity in the Appalachian South,  by Melissa Schrift (University of Nebraska Press, 2013).  Appalachian Heritage 41, no. 4 (Fall): 72-75.

Hollars, B. J.  2013.  Opening the Doors: The Desegregation of the University of Alabama and the Fight for Civil Rights in Tuscaloosa.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.  288 pp.  “In the summer of 1964, the struggle for equality in Tuscaloosa resulted in the integration of the city’s public facilities, a march on the county courthouse, a bloody battle between police and protesters, confrontations with the Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, a bus boycott, and the near-accidental-lynching of movie star Jack Palance.”

Holly, Nathaniel F.  2015.  “‘Living Memorials to the Past’: The Preservation of Nikwasi and the ‘Disappearance’ of North Carolina’s Cherokees” [mounds].  North Carolina Historical Review 92, no. 3 (July): 312-337.  “In the summer of 1946, residents of Franklin, North Carolina, organized in an effort to save....[the]sacred Cherokee “Mother Town” of Nikwasi...a monument to the early history of Macon County.”  Photos, illustrations.

hooks, bell.  2015.  “Writing without Labels” [craft essay].  Appalachian Heritage 43, no. 4 (Fall): 8-21.  Hooks, who grew up in 1950s Hopkinsville, Ky.,  is the featured author in this special issue.

hooks, bell.  2015.  “A Conversation with Laverne Cox” [star of Orange Is the New Black].  Appalachian Heritage 43, no. 4 (Fall): 24-40.  Kentucky writer hooks is the featured author in this special issue.

Inscoe, John C.  2013.  “‘The Ohio River Was Not the River Jordan’: A Review of Matthew Salafia’s Slavery’s Borderland.”  Southern Spaces, 25 November.   Reviews Matthew Salafia’s book, Slavery’s Borderland: Freedom and Bondage Along the Ohio River (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013).  Recommended resources and web links.

Inskeep, Steve.  2015.   Jacksonland: President Andrew Jackson, Cherokee Chief John Ross, and a Great American Land Grab.  New York: Penguin Press.  421 pp.  “Representing one of the Five Civilized Tribes who had adopted the ways of white settlers—cultivating farms, publishing a newspaper in their own language, and sending children to school—Ross championed the tribes’ cause all the way to the Supreme Court. He gained allies like Senator Henry Clay, Chief Justice John Marshall, and even Davy Crockett .... In shocking detail, Jacksonland reveals how Jackson, as a general, extracted immense wealth from his own armies’ conquest of native lands.”  (Inskeep was interviewed on NPR’s Morning Edition, 19 May, podcast 7:25 min.

Ireland, Patrick R.  2014.  “Cracker Craic: The Politics and Economics of Scots-Irish Cultural Promotion in the USA.”  International Journal of Cultural Policy 20, no. 4 (August): 399-421.  “Heritage, genealogy, and economic development have come together in these projects [festivals].”

Jarrett, C. W. “Bill”.  2015.  “The Unthinkable Game.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 41, no. 1 (Spring): 42-47.  Jarrett shares his experience of playing segregated and non-segregated high school basketball in Charleston, 1941-1946, at all-white Stonewall Jackson High and all-black Garnet High.  Sidebar article, “Back in ‘46, We Did the Unthinkable,” by Mike Whiteford.

Juricek, John T.  2015.  Endgame for Empire: British-Creek Relations in Georgia and Vicinity, 1763-1776.  Contested Boundaries series.  Gainesville: University Press of Florida.  326 pp.  Contents: Introduction | The British quest for a fresh start | A promising reset: the Augusta Congress | Creek ferment and the plan of 1764 | Testing time | The elusive boundary and the Creek-Choctaw War | The roundabout route to the “New Purchase” | Crumbling controls | Breaking apart | Retrospect.

Kanon, Tom.  2014.  Tennesseans at War, 1812-1815: Andrew Jackson, the Creek War, and the Battle of New Orleans.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.  263 pp.

Keckley, Elizabeth.  [1868] 2014.  Behind the Scenes: Formerly a Slave, but More Recently Modiste, and Friend to Mrs. Abraham Lincoln, or Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House [originally published: New York: G.W. Carleton].  Reprintedin Anthology of Appalachian Writers: Frank X Walker, Vol. VI, ed. S. Shurbutt, 108-188.  Shepherdstown, W. Va.: Shepherd University.

Kelton, Paul.  2015.  Cherokee Medicine, Colonial Germs: An Indigenous Nation’s Fight against Smallpox, 1518-1824.  New Directions in Native American Studies series, no. 11.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.  281 pp.

Kennedy-Nolle, Sharon D.  2015.  “African American Literary Activism in a Divided District: Storer College and the Pioneer Press of West Virginia” [Harpers Ferry].  Chap. 3 in Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South, by S. Kennedy-Nolle.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Kight, Caitlin.  2013.  “Decolonizing Appalachia.”  Now & Then: The Appalachian Magazine 28, no. 2 (Winter): 48-50.  It’s time “to return control of tribal lands to Native Americans .... an important step toward adhering to the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, endorsed by President Obama in 2010.”

Kilgore, Frank.  2015.  “Speak Your Piece: Think Twice before Calling Coalfield Appalachia ‘Racist’.”  The Daily Yonder (blog), 27 October.  935 words, with photos of 1938 and 1951 sports teams in Dante and Norton, southwestern Virginia.  “Are the coalfields more racist than other parts of the South or U.S.? Pundits don’t let the facts get in the way of their sweeping – and erroneous – conclusions.”

Kokomoor, Kevin.  2015.  “Creeks, Federalists, and the Idea of Coexistence in the Early Republic.”  Journal of Southern History 81, no. 4 (November): 803-842.  Creek/Georgia frontier, 1796-1805.

Krauthamer, Barbara.  2013.  Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  211 pp.  “From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves .... Through the end of the nineteenth century, ongoing conflict...left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants in the two Indian nations without citizenship in either the Indian nations or the United States.”

La Vere, David.  2013.  The Tuscarora War: Indians, Settlers, and the Fight for the Carolina Colonies.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  262 pp.

Lakomäki, Sami.  2014.  Gathering Together: The Shawnee People through Diaspora and Nationhood, 1600-1870.  Lamar Series in Western History.  New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.  334 pp.

Lefler, Lisa J.  2015.  “Water and Cherokee Healing.”  In Recovery, Renewal, Reclaiming: Anthropological Research toward Healing, ed L. King, 159-177.  Southern Anthropological Society Proceedings, no. 43.  Knoxville, Tenn.: Newfound Press.

LeMaster, Michelle.  2014.  “Pocahontas Doesn’t Live Here Anymore: Women and Gender in the Native South before Removal.”  Native South 7, no. 1: 1-32.

Lewis, J. Patrick, and George Ella Lyon.  2014.  Voices from the March on Washington: Poems.  Honesdale, Pa.: WordSong.  114 pp.  “Six fictional characters, in cycles of linked poems, relate their memories of the historic day in 1963 when more than 250,000 people from across the United States joined together to march on Washington, D.C., calling for civil and economic rights for African Americans.”

Lippard, Cameron D., and M. G. Spann.  2014.  “Mexican Immigrant Experiences with Discrimination in Southern Appalachia” [N.C.].  Latino Studies 12, no. 3 (September): 374-398.  “...Christmas tree, textile, meatpacking and agricultural industries .... jobs, housing and public services.”

Lopez, Maria Alejandra.  2015.  “An Undocumented Mexican Mother of a High School Dropout in East Tennessee” [interview].  In Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work, and Activism, ed. C. Rice and M. Tedesco, 158-166.  Athens: Ohio University Press.  Excerpted from the author’s 2010 dissertation.

Love, Ashley L.  2016.  “My Melungeons and Me” [Ohio].  Now & Then: The Appalachian Magazine 31, no. 2 (Winter): 34-35.  “Being a multiracial, third-generation Melungeon just starting my journey as a researcher, it was hard to accept fully the idea of ‘Melungeon’ as ‘me’ despite the mounting evidence.”

Lubet, Steven.  2015.  The “Colored Hero” of Harpers Ferry: John Anthony Copeland and the War against Slavery [1859].  New York: Cambridge University Press.  272 pp.  Biography of one of John Brown’s African American comrades (b. 1834).  “Copeland played a leading role in the momentous Oberlin slave rescue, and he successfully escorted a fugitive to Canada .... He fought bravely at Harpers Ferry, only to be captured and charged with murder and treason,” and was executed two months later.

Lucas, Lois.  2015.  “Garrison, Drewry, Meadows, and Bateman: Race, Class, and Activism in the Mountain State” [W. Va.].  Chap. 13 in Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work, and Activism, ed. C. Rice and M. Tedesco, 372-401.  Athens: Ohio University Press.   “...examines the lives of four middle-class black women who fight to ease conditions in the black community and initiate social and political change in the fields of politics, social work, education, and health the age of Jim Crow”: Memphis Tennessee Garrison (1890-1988), Elizabeth Drewry (1893-1979), Lucile Meadows (1918-1997), and Mildred Bateman (1922-2012).

McCarroll, Meredith.  2014.  “Locating Affrilachia: A Conversation With Kelly Norman Ellis.”  South Carolina Review 46, no. 2 (Spring): 140-145.

McCleskey, Turk.  2014.  The Road to Black Ned’s Forge: A Story of Race, Sex, and Trade on the Colonial American Frontier [b. circa 1711].  Early American Histories series.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.  324 pp.  Edward Tarr is the first free black landowner west of the Blue Ridge, with neighbors who accept his interracial marriage, when the son of a former master shows up to reenslave him.

McGovern, Constance M.  2015.  “Constructing Lives: Free People of Color in Antebellum Cumberland, Maryland.”  Maryland Historical Magazine 110, no. 3 (Fall): 341-370.

Minderhout, David Jay, ed.  2013.  Native Americans in the Susquehanna River Valley, Past and Present.  Stories of the Susquehanna Valley series.  Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell University Press.  225 pp.  Contents: Native American prehistory in the Susquehanna River Valley / David J. Minderhout -- Pennsylvania’s Native Americans: history timeline / David J. Minderhout -- A story in stone: the Susquehanna’s rock art legacy / Paul A. Nevin -- Native Americans in the Susquehanna River region: 1550 to today / David J. Minderhout -- “Blood Quantum” and Lenape tradition / Donald R. Repsher -- Our story, ourselves: oral histories of contemporary Native Americans / David J. Minderhout, Andrea T. Frantz, and Jessica D. Dowsett -- Oral tradition of one family of Pennsylvania Seneca descendants / Gerald E. Dietz -- Küloona Ktaaptoonehna: Munsee language revitalization on the Susquehanna’s North branch / Susan M. Taffe Reed -- Lenapeyok neki: those are Lenopes / Kenneth R. Hayden -- Native Lands County Park / David J. Minderhout -- Afterword / Ann N. Dapice.

Nomani, Asra Q.  2015.  “Rebel in the Mosque: Going Where I Know I Belong” [Morgantown, W. Va.].  In Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work, and Activism, ed. C. Rice and M. Tedesco, 153-157.  Athens: Ohio University Press.  Originally published, Washington Post, 28 December 2003.

Nooe, Evan.  2015.  “Common Justice: Vengeance and Retribution in Creek Country” [1700s and early 1800s].  Ethnohistory 62, no. 2 (April): 241-261.

Norton, Terry L.  2014.  Cherokee Myths and Legends: Thirty Tales Retold.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  222 pp.  Contents: Introduction: considerations in adapting Native American traditional literature | Guide to the pronunciation of Cherokee words | Origins | The three worlds | Fire | Corn and game | Disease and medicine | The bear and the bear songs | Tobacco | The Pleiades and the pine cone | Killing the great monsters | The Great Yellow Jacket Ulagu | The leech place | The Uktena and the Shawano conjuror | The red man and the Uktena | Ustu-tli, the great snake of the Cohutta Mountains | The great hawks | The hunter in the Dakwa | Supernatural and animal adversaries and helpers | Spear-finger, the Nantahala Ogress | The Stone Man of the Mountains | The raven mockers | The immortals and the water cannibals | The man who traveled to the world below | Judaculla, the slant-eyed giant of Tanasee Bald | Legends of Pilot Knob | Yahula | The unseen helpers | Legends from history by or about the Cherokee | The lost Cherokee | Ga’na and the Cherokee | The Mohawk warriors | The false warriors | Jocassee | Some heroic acts in wars with whites | Cateechee of Keowee: a ballad of the Carolina backcountry | Notes on sources used in the retellings.

O’Connor, Bob.  2013.  The Return of Catesby [historical fiction].  West Conshohocken, Pa.: Infinity Publishing.  236 pp.  “Freedman Catesby becomes the first black teacher at Storer College, one of the first colleges in the country established to educate former slaves,” in Harpers Ferry, W. Va.

O’Maley, Elizabeth.  2014.  Bones on the Ground.  Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society Press.  146 pp.  Young adult audience.  “...presents biographical sketches and first-person narratives of Native Americans, Indian traders, Colonial and American leaders,” in the Old Northwest.

O’Neil, Gerard F.  2015.  Pittsburgh Irish: Erin on the Three Rivers.  Foreword by Diane V. Byrnes.  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  159 pp.  Contents: The Pennsylvania frontier: rogues, rebels, and the respectable, 1717-1820 | The young city, 1820-1860 | Irish Pittsburgh in the Civil War, 1861-1865 | Irish in the mills and mines of the Steel City, 1866-1914 | Twentieth-century rebels N’at, 1914-1945 | Finishing touches: renaissance and reinvention, 1945-2015.

Osburn, Katherine M. B.  2014.  Choctaw Resurgence in Mississippi: Race, Class, and Nation Building in the Jim Crow South, 1830-1977.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  322 pp.

Panther-Yates, Donald N.  2013.  Cherokee Clans: An Informal History.  Cherokee Chapbooks Series.  Phoenix: Panther’s Lodge.  24 pp.  Seven clans: Wolf, Bird, Deer, Twister, Wild Potato, Panther, Paint.

Parins, James W.  2013.  Literacy and Intellectual Life in the Cherokee Nation, 1820-1906.  American Indian Literature and Critical Studies Series, no. 58.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.  276 pp.  Contents: Writing in early America | Literacy in the Cherokee nation | The Cherokee Phoenix | Education after Removal | The Cherokee language and the Sequoyan syllabary | The Cherokee Advocate and other Indian newspapers | Four Cherokee writers | Political writers and feuders | A steady stream of Cherokee writers.

Pesantubbee, Michelene E.  2014.  “Nancy Ward: American Patriot or Cherokee Nationalist?”  American Indian Quarterly 38, no. 2 (Spring): 177-206.  Examines Beloved Woman, Nancy Ward’s (ca. 1738-1822/24) actions during the American Revolution.

Phillips, Amythyst K.  2014.  “Creativity in Appalachia: Intersections of Race, Gender, Sexuality and Region.”  Pluck!: The Journal of Affrilachian Arts & Culture 12 (Fall): 56-59.

Pickett, Otis W.  “T. C. Stuart and the Monroe Mission among the Chickasaws in Mississippi, 1819–1834.”  Native South 8, no. 1: 63-88.  “The example of Presbyterian missions to the Chickasaws in northern Mississippi presents a myriad of historical issues concerning the missionaries themselves, the Chickasaws, enslaved Africans belonging to the Chickasaws, and the multiethnic nature of early nineteenth-century mission church experience.”

Piker, Joshua Aaron.  2013.  The Four Deaths of Acorn Whistler: Telling Stories in Colonial America [Creek Indian; 1752].  Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.  310 pp.  “Analyzes competing accounts of the events surrounding the death of a Creek Indian executed in 1752 for murdering five Cherokee men after war broke out between the tribes,” and reveals the interconnectedness of colonials and Native Americans.

Pollitt, Phoebe Ann.  2016.  African American and Cherokee Nurses in Appalachia: A History, 1900-1965.  Contributions to Southern Appalachian Studies, no. 37.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  228 pp.  “Few career opportunities were available to minority women in Appalachia in the first half of the 20th century. Nursing offered them a respected, relatively well paid profession and their work was important in challenging healthcare inequities in the region.”

Rao, Anita, and Frank Stasio.  2015.  “Gone Home, The Stories of Black Coal Miners in Appalachia” [Lynch, Ky.; Harlan Co.].  Audio clip, 19:49 min.  WUNC, 4 August.  Chapel Hill, North Carolina Public Radio.  “Host Frank Stasio talks with Karida Brown and her father, Richard Brown, about the ongoing project and current exhibit of the work: ‘Gone Home: Race and Roots through Appalachia’ on view at UNC-Chapel Hill’s Wilson Library through August 20.”

Rexroad, William D.  2013.  “Recalling Miss Lottie.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 39, no. 4 (Winter): 36-41.  Biography, and remembrances by students, of African-American school teacher Lottie Wright (1908-1988) of Franklin, Pendleton County.  Sidebar review of Rexroad’s 2013 book, The Black People of Pendleton County, West Virginia: A History.

Rexroad, William. D., and William O. Lindsay.  2013.  The Black People of Pendleton County, West Virginia: A History.  Hutchinson, Kan.: Dolphin Publications.  145 pp., plus CD-ROM (containing a copy of Genealogies of the Black People of Pendleton County, West Virginia, books I & II, compiled by William O. Lindsay).  Contents: The slave era | Free Negroes | After freedom | The Moats connection | The churches | The schools | Finding your roots | Cemeteries & deceased | Odds & ends | Getting along together | Appendix: Slave owners, 1789-1860; Census, 1900 through 1940; Baptisms; Some family relationships; Sources.

Reynolds, Colin E.  2015.  “The Rise and Fall of West Virginia’s Bureau of Negro Welfare and Statistics, 1921-1957.”  West Virginia History, n.s. 9, no. 1 (Spring): 1-22.

Reynolds, William R.  2015.  The Cherokee Struggle to Maintain Identity in the 17th and 18th Centuries.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  425 pp.  “The alliance proved unequal, with the British refusing aid--even as settlers made incursions into Cherokee lands--while requiring them to fight on the British side against the French and rebellious Americans.”

Rodd, Thomas W.  2015.  Stories from West Virginia’s Civil Rights History: A New Home for Liberty: J.R. Clifford and the Carrie Williams Case [“classroom-friendly book”].  Charleston, W. Va.: West Virginia Book Company.  101 pp.  Contents: A New Home for Liberty [“describes the creation of West Virginia through the life of the abolitionist and statehood leader Granville Davisson Hall (1837-1934)”]; and J. R. Clifford and the Carrie Williams Case [“tells how Carrie Williams, an African American teacher in a segregated Tucker County school...won a landmark equal rights case in the 1890s before the West Virginia Supreme Court. Williams’ lawyer was John Robert (‘J.R.’) Clifford, (1848-1933), the State’s first African American attorney”].

Rozema, Vicki Bell.  2013.  “Science and Technology Awakened: Resource Exploitation and the Cherokee Removal” [1838].  Journal of East Tennessee History 85: 3-23.  “The forces of new technology, the rich resources outlined by geologists, ...building resentment and racism toward Native Americans, and the desire for southern leaders to control their environment all contributed to the path that led to Cherokee removal.”

Salafia, Matthew.  2013.  Slavery’s Borderland: Freedom and Bondage Along the Ohio River [Ohio, Ky., Ind.].  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.  320 pp.

Saunt, Claudio.  2016.  “The War the Slaveholders Won: Indian Removal and the State of Georgia.”  Southern Spaces, 15 March.  Videotaped lecture: 32:46 min.  Presented at the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga., November 10, 2015.  Explores “Georgia’s role in Indian Removal policies in the expulsion of 100,000 people from the Southeast in the 1830s.”  Recommended text and web resources.

Scarborough, Sheree.  2014.  African American Railroad Workers of Roanoke: Oral Histories of the Norfolk and Western.  Foreword by Theodore Carter DeLaney; afterword by George Kegley.  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  156 pp.  Oral history interviews with twelve men, the oldest born 1916.

Schmidt, Ethan A.  2014.  Native Americans in the American Revolution: How the War Divided, Devastated, and Transformed the Early American Indian World.  Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger.  225 pp.  “...covers the experiences of specific Native American groups such as the Abenaki, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Delaware, Iroquois, Seminole, and Shawnee peoples with information presented by chronological period and geographic area.”
Schrift, Melissa.  2013.  Becoming Melungeon: Making an Ethnic Identity in the Appalachian South.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  222 pp.  “...commonly identified as the descendants of underclass whites, freed African Americans, and Native Americans, this ethnic identity is still largely a social construction based on local tradition, myth, and media.”

Shapiro, Stephanie.  2015.  “A Black College Closed in 1955, but Its Fading Alumni Fight to Pass on a Legacy.”  Washington Post, 22 October, 15(A).  1,734 words.  “In 1865, a primary school for former slaves was started in historic Harpers Ferry, W. Va.  By 1867 it became Storer College, and ultimately a sanctuary for young African Americans.”

Sharma, Madhuri.  2014.  “Peoples’ Perceptions of Housing Market Elements in Knoxville, Tennessee.”  Southeastern Geographer 54, no. 2 (Summer): 137-166.  “...survey responses do not indicate significant differences in terms of preferences and choices across races/ethnicities. However, in-depth interviews bring out nuanced insights on aspects of racial steering, discrimination and bad lending practices.”

Sleeper-Smith. Susan.  2015.  “The Agrarian Village World of Indian Women in the Ohio River Valley [Wabash River Valley; 18th-century].  Chap. 8 in Women in Early America, ed. T. Foster, 186-209.  New York: New York University Press.

Smith, Gerald L., Karen Cotton McDaniel, and John A. Hardin, ed.  2015.  Kentucky African American Encyclopedia.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  596 pp.  Includes biographical sketches and entries on events, places, organizations, movements, and institutions.

Smith, John David.  2013.  “‘I Was Raised Poor and Hard as Any Slave’: African American Slavery in Piedmont North Carolina.”  North Carolina Historical Review 90, no. 1 (January): 1-25.  The “Piedmont” overlaps into four Appalachian counties: Surry, Yadkin, Stokes, and Forsyth.

Smith, Katy Simpson.  2013.  We Have Raised All of You: Motherhood in the South, 1750-1835.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  346 pp.  Contents: PART I.  Indian Mothers [Cherokees, Catawbas] | PART II.  White mothers | PART III.  Black Mothers.

Smithers, Gregory D.  2015.  The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity.  Lamar Series in Western History.  New Haven: Yale University Press.  358 pp.  Contents: PART I. ORIGINS: The origins of the Cherokee diaspora | Colonialism, Christianity, and Cherokee identity | Removal, reunion, and diaspora | Uncertain futures -- PART II. DIASPORA: War, division, and refugees | The “refugee business” | Cherokee freedmen | Diasporic horizons.

Smithers, Gregory D.  2015.  “A Cherokee Epic: Kermit Hunter’s Unto These Hills and the Mythologizing of Cherokee History.”  Native South 8, no.1: 1-30.  Unto These Hills is an outdoor historical drama staged in Cherokee, N.C.

Starnes, Phyllis E., and Donald N. Yates.  2014.  Ancestors and Enemies: Essays on Melungeons. Phoenix: Panther’s Lodge.  248 pp.  Contents: You might be Melungeon if | Strange genes in Appalachia | Don Quixote and Senor Eggplant | Shalom, y’all | You will never find out the truth | Crazy quilt ancestry | Who’da thunk it | Influence of Sephardic Jews and Moors on southeastern Indians | Return to Judaism | Indians and Crypto-Jews | Cyberfeud on the ridge | Where did all the money go | Dying campfires.

Stockwell, Mary.  2014.  The Other Trail of Tears: The Removal of the Ohio Indians.  Yardley, Pa.: Westholme.  388 pp.  “...following the death of Tecumseh and the unraveling of his tribal confederacy in 1813 .... Over the course of three decades the Ohio Indians [including Delaware, Seneca, Shawnee, Ottawa, and Wyandot] were forced to move to the West, with the Wyandot people ceding their last remaining lands in Ohio to the U.S. Government in the early 1850s.”

Summit on Race Matters in Appalachia [Charleston, W. Va.].  2014.  West Virginia Public Broadcasting; posted on West Virginia Center on Budget & Policy website, with links to YouTube videos:  November 10. Summit on Race Matters in Appalachia (1:48:34 min.);  November 11. Event 1: Keynote speaker Gail Christopher (1:50:03 min.); Event 2: Keynote speaker Mike Wenger (1:29:50 min.); Event 3: Keynote speaker Dustin Washington (1:42:16 min.).

Tedesco, Marie.  2015.  “Women in Cherokee Society: Status, Race, and Power from the Colonial Period to Removal.”  Chap. 1 in Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work, and Activism, ed. C. Rice and M. Tedesco, 23-44.  Athens: Ohio University Press.  “...examines the place of native, white, African, African American, and mixed race women in evolving Cherokee society.”

Thorp, Daniel B.  2013.   “The Beginnings of African American Education in Montgomery County.”  Virginia Magazine of History & Biography 121, no. 4: 314-345.  Focuses on Reconstruction period.

Toner, Alex.  2013.  “The Dynamic Daisy Lampkin” [1883-1965].  Western Pennsylvania History 96, no. 1 (Spring): 10-11.  Pittsburgh suffragette and activist for gender and racial equality Lampkin became the first woman elected to the NAACP board of directors in 1947, serving until 1964.

Tortora, Daniel J.   2015.  Carolina in Crisis: Cherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  274 pp.  Contents: Join’d together: the Anglo-Cherokee Alliance, 1730-1753 | A general conflagration: the French and Indian War begins | Killed on the path: Cherokees in the campaigns against Fort Duquesne | Till satisfaction shou’d be given: the crises of 1759 and the Lyttelton Expedition | A situation too terrible for us: smallpox and social upheaval | Put to death in cold blood: the Fort Prince George Massacre | That kindred duty of retaliation: the Cherokee offensive of 1760 | Flush’d with success: Cherokee victory and the fall of Fort Loudon | Destroying their towns and cutting up their settlements: the Grant campaign | To bury the hatchet, and make a firm peace: terms and tensions | The turbulent spirit of Gadsden: the origins of independence | Conclusion: revolutionary implications.

Trotter, Otis.  2015.  Keeping Heart: A Memoir of Family Struggle, Race, and Medicine [W. Va., Oh.; 1914].  Series in Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in Appalachia.  Athens: Ohio University Press.  210 pp.  “A personal account of an African American family’s journey north during the second Great Migration.”

Varley, Molly K.  2014.  Americans Recaptured: Progressive Era Memory of Frontier Captivity.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.  230 pp.  Indian captivity narratives.

Voogd, Jan.  2015.  “Ethel New v. Atlantic Greyhound: Fighting for Social Justice in Appalachia” [1944; Va.].  Chap. 14 in Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work, and Activism, ed. C. Rice and M. Tedesco, 402-417.  Athens: Ohio University Press.   “...discusses one of the earliest examples of the civil rights movement’s legal challenges to segregation in transportation” when Ethel New, a black woman from Lynch, Ky., refused to sit behind white bus passengers.

Walker, Frank X.  2013.  Turn Me Loose: The Unghosting of Medgar Evers: Poems.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  71 pp.

Warren, Stephen.  2014.  The Worlds the Shawnees Made: Migration and Violence in Early America [1400-1754].  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  308 pp.

Watkins, Sharon B.  2013.  “A Future French King Visits the Overhill Cherokee in 1797.” Smithfield Review 17: 1-25.  Discusses Prince Louis Philippe’s travel journal with a focus on his visit with the Overhill Cherokee in eastern Tennessee.

Watson, Samuel J.  2013.  Peacekeepers and Conquerors: The Army Officer Corps on the American Frontier, 1821-1846.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.  636 pp.  Includes the following chapters: Chap. 4: “The Army and the Jacksonians tangle on the Southern frontier: Indian removal and civil-military relations, 1831-1834,” and Chap. 5: “The Army and Cherokee removal: coercive diplomacy, peacekeeping, and preventing mass atrocity amid civil-military tension, 1836-1838.”

Wilkinson, Crystal.  2015.  “On Writing Dialect in Fiction.”  Still: The Journal, no. 19 (Fall).  731 words.  From a talk delivered at the Appalachian Symposium as part of the panel, Where I’m From: Dialect and Accepted Classism, September  9-10, 2015, Berea College.  “...the way that I process my own experience as a Black woman writer from Appalachia, says, ‘I’m not telling the story. The person telling the story is telling it’.”

Winn, William W.  2015.  The Triumph of the Ecunnau-Nuxulgee: Land Speculators, George M. Troup, State Rights, and the Removal of the Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama, 1825-38.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.  554 pp.

Woods, Michael E.  2015.  “Mountaineers Becoming Free: Emancipation and Statehood in West Virginia.”  West Virginia History, n.s. 9, no. 2 (Fall): 37-71.

Woodson, Jacqueline.  2014.  Brown Girl Dreaming [biography in a series of poems].  National Book Award winner for young people’s literature.  Woodson, b. 1963, grew up in Greenville, S.C., and Brooklyn, N.Y., with stops in Nelsonville, Ohio (her father’s family).

Woodson, Jacqueline.  2014.  “Jacqueline Woodson on Growing Up, Coming Out and Saying Hi to Strangers.”  Interview by Terry Gross.  Fresh Air, 10 December.  NPR radio.  Transcript, 6,740 words; podcast, 37:25 min.

Wright, Garrett.  2015.  “Nascent Nations: A Review of Chiefdoms, Collapse, and Coalescence in the Early American South” [by Robin Beck, Cambridge University Press, 2013].  Southern Spaces, 13 October.  1,324 words, with recommended text and web resources.

Yates, Donald N.  2013.  Old Souls in a New World: The Secret History of the Cherokee Indians.  Cherokee Chapbooks series, no. 7.  Phoenix: Panther’s Lodge.  104 pp.  A number of references to Melungeons.

Zucconi, Adam J.  2015.  “‘Preserve Us from Such Democracy’: Politics, Slavery, and Political Culture in Antebellum Northwest Virginia, 1850-1861.”  Virginia Magazine of History & Biography 123, no. 4: 324-354.  “...there was an active political which white citizens recognized the inordinate political influences that slaveholding elites wielded.”